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A Guide to Eliminating Burrowing Rats

by pestico
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Rats are not just unwelcome guests; they can wreak havoc on your property and pose serious health risks. Among the various types of rats, burrowing rats are particularly notorious for causing damage by digging tunnels and undermining foundations. If you’re facing a burrowing rat infestation, it’s crucial to take swift action to control and eliminate them. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps to effectively get rid of burrowing rats and reclaim your space.

Understanding the Problem:

Before diving into rat control methods, it’s essential to recognize the signs of a burrowing rat infestation. Some common indicators include:

Burrows: Look for holes or tunnels in the ground, particularly around foundations, sheds, and other structures.
Gnaw Marks: Rats have a constant need to gnaw to keep their teeth trimmed. Check for chew marks on wood, wires, and other materials.
Droppings: Rat droppings are a telltale sign of an infestation. They are small, dark, and often found near food sources or along pathways.
Tracks: Rats frequently travel along the same routes, leaving behind tracks in dusty or muddy areas.
Nesting Materials: Rats build nests using a variety of materials, including shredded paper, fabric, and plant matter. Finding these materials in unusual places can indicate their presence.
Now that you’ve identified a burrowing rat problem, let’s discuss effective strategies for control.

Seal Entry Points:

Begin by inspecting your property for potential entry points. Rats can squeeze through surprisingly small openings, so seal any cracks or gaps in walls, foundations, and utility lines. Use materials like steel wool, wire mesh, or caulk to block these entryways and prevent rats from gaining access to your home.

Eliminate Food Sources:

Rats are attracted to areas with readily available food sources. Keep food stored in airtight containers, and clean up any spills or crumbs promptly. Pet food should also be stored securely, as it can attract rodents.

Remove Shelter:

Burrowing rats seek shelter in dense vegetation, woodpiles, and cluttered areas. Keep your yard tidy by trimming overgrown vegetation and removing debris that could provide hiding spots for rats.

Use Traps:

Traps are an effective method for capturing and eliminating rats. Place snap traps or live traps along known rat pathways, near burrows, or in areas where droppings are present. Bait traps with peanut butter, bacon, or other enticing foods, and check them regularly.

Consider Rodenticides:

If rat infestations persist despite your efforts, you may need to resort to rodenticides. These chemical baits are designed to kill rats, but they should be used with caution, especially in areas accessible to pets or children. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and place baits in tamper-resistant bait stations to minimize the risk of unintended exposure.

Professional Assistance:

In severe cases or if DIY methods prove ineffective, it may be necessary to enlist the help of a professional pest control service. Pest experts have the knowledge, experience, and tools to tackle even the most stubborn rat infestations safely and effectively.

Regular Maintenance:

Once you’ve successfully eliminated burrowing rats from your property, it’s important to implement ongoing maintenance measures to prevent future infestations. Continue to seal entry points, eliminate food sources, and keep your surroundings clean and clutter-free.


Dealing with a burrowing rat infestation can be challenging, but with the right approach, you can regain control of your property and protect your home from these unwanted pests. By identifying signs of rat activity, implementing effective control methods, and maintaining vigilance, you can effectively eliminate burrowing rats and ensure a rat-free environment for the long term. Remember, if you’re facing a particularly stubborn infestation, don’t hesitate to seek professional assistance. With determination and persistence, you can reclaim your space and enjoy peace of mind knowing that your property is rat-free.

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